The resources below accompany the talk on accessible website design, from both user and developer perspectives, given by Zuzana Kunckova and Elisabeth Klaar at the March 2018 meeting of Cambridge WordPress Meetup.
Reasons for making your site accessible to everyone
Disability affects 1 in 5 of the UK population – that’s 12.9 million people who will find it easier to be your customers or site user if your site is accessible to them. An infographic from A Bright Clear Web gives further facts and figures to motivate you to make your site accessible. Fully referenced at the bottom of the page.
The UK Government has produced some fantastic posters about accessibility and website design, indicating the various ways the users with different impairments can benefit from tweaks in use of colour, in particular.
There are particular considerations for sharing information with people who have a learning difficulty, and the technique of Easy Read has been developed to help with this.
Here are some useful WordPress courses. Do you have any others you’d like to add? Let us know!
General WP Courses
WPShout – described as “In-Depth WordPress Tutorials for Developers”
Free Code Camp (free, natch) – Very accessible and of course free, so if you don’t get on with it you don’t lose anything. I don’t think there is a lot of WordPress conent (feel free to correct me on this!) But it does have a tonne of JS and React stuff
WP101 – Described as Easy WordPress video tutorials for beginners. I’ve heard this is the go to place for beginners. Haven’t tried it myself though
Press Ups – A more personal way to learn WP? (Again I haven’t tried it). Looks like lots of short free WordPress screencasts
KnowTheCode (paid) – A huge resource of videos for developers, including a selection of free ones. I found the delivery style of the videos a bit difficult. But it’s probably the most comprehensive resource out there. Learn how to build themes and plugins “the right way”. Learn local development as well. Seemed to have a bit of a bias towards building sites using the Genesis theme as a framework.
Gutenberg Development Courses (online, paid for) featuring instructors Zac Gordon and Joe Casabona. Joe teaches users about how do use the new Gutenberg interface and Zac teaches developers how to develop for Gutenberg, including how to upgrade an older site to be compatible with Gutenberg.
The course will cost you $79 (about £55) but there is a discount for ($49) if you use the discount code earlyadopter (see WP Tavern)
I’ve done courses with Zac before and found them very friendly and useful.
Creatorcourses – Another Gutenberg specific course. One of our members has enrolled so should have some feedback soon. There’s also a discount via the Gutenberg Courses above.
Matt Mullenweg goes into some detail about why learning JS deeply will be important for developers in this video:
So, does anyone have any good suggestions for how to learn JS deeply?
I’ve been doing the Advanced Web Developer Bootcamp (online, paid for) on Udemy, which isn’t WordPress specific but does have an excellent section on the latest JS (ES2015 / 16 / 17) and a section on React (you need to know the latest JS to develop for react because it makes heavy use of modern JS features).
Jakson – Short YouTube videos that tackle many aspects of WordPress development.
Here’s a taster:
24 resources for learning WordPress
Here’s a timely article from regular speaker and co-organiser of the WordPress Cambridge Meetup group, Steven Watts of Newt Labs on some of the best resources for learning WordPress. Includes a selection of some of the best WordPress courses, blogs and Youtube channels for 2018.
If you have any course suggestions for wither users or developers? Let us know!
Gutenberg is the name for the new editor focus in WordPress. It is the future of WordPress, and will make creating websites much, much simpler. Tammie Lister will take you through a rough guide to the project. How it began and why it’s needed. Then, she will show you where the project is currently at and finally how you can also get involved. Join her and get to know Gutenberg.
Tammie Lister Tammie works at Automattic, the company behind WordPress.com as an experience designer. She has a varied background including psychology, design, front end development and user experience. She is a contributor to WordPress and is currently the design lead for Gutenberg.
In other words Tammie is a leading UK expert on Gutenberg. We are hugely honoured she has made the time to present Gutenberg to us. Our meetup group website: https://wpcbg.uk/ with old presentations. Thanks Steve.
Thank you to TwinDots our sponsors
This meeting is sponsored by Twin Dots, the leading branding, design and development agency in Newmarket. Twin Dots has clients like Cambridge Marketing College, 450 GSM, Racing Welfare, and Devam the jewellers.
The usual format:
18:45: Roll up for a couple of beers in the foyer, & chat, mingle etc.
19:15 start: Everyone introduces themselves: 20 seconds max, mainly describing their involvement with WordPress.
2. Up to 4 * 3 minute pitches. Share discoveries, useful tips, requests for help with charitable projects. 3: WordPress News with our star reporter Ben Attenborough.
4. Main presentation Tammie Lister, Gutenberg
5. Clinic: Bring along a problem, and the audience will offer advice. If we can’t, maybe we’ll have a solution by next meeting. Kinda aiming to finish the formal part by about 21:00, depending on everyone’s enthusiasm to chat & discuss.
6. Beer & networking: We should leave by about 21:45 at the latest.
If you think April is too soon to start using Gutenberg, install the Classic Editor Plugin now – will make sure that old editor will continue to be used.
Next step: Gutenberg-based site optimisation
Blocks to lay out the whole site.
Next year’s focuses
Q&A (See 1:02.00 in video)
Note these are just my scribbled notes of the Q and A, not a verbatim account. Please see the video for the exact exchanges. – Ben Attenborough
Q: Question about page builders and is Gutenberg unfair to creators of page builder plugins as it will replace their functionality
MM: Lots of different page builder plugins, which shows how much demand there is for page building functionality
But problem is it is hard for plugins to work with page builders because each builder works differently. If Gutenberg presents a standard way for building posts and pages it makes it much easier for plugin developers to build applications that work in the expected way.
Will create opportunities for devs.
Q: Fields API – Will it be necessary to continue to have a fields API
MM: Gutenberg will cover a lot of bases for fields, but not everything so a fields API will still be necessary.
Question about WYSIWYG
MM: Will be editing on dashboard not literally on front end. But it will be a lot closer to a true WYSIWYG experience.
Q: Could we get a split community where some people will be on classic mode and some on Gutenberg. How will we get beyond these two worlds?
MM: You really do need to develop for Gutenberg and I’m okay if you drop support for Classic.
Q: Concern that users may find Gutenberg harder to use.
MM: We are building for people new to publishing and websites
Structure will be more intuitive. Ever have an image which is right aligned and you try to move it and move it inside a link and it’s a bit of a mess? Gutenberg is trying to fix that.
Q: If I’m creating sites for clients, I’m putting onus on users to design. What would be great is if I can add certain blocks to a CPT and say that’s it.
MM: Yes, it will be possible to lock down which block types a user will have access to.
Q: Front end responsive issue. There are circumstances where things have to change on different screens. So if the user specifies a 80px font size for a heading, it is not going to be 80px on a mobile phone. How are you going to control this?
MM: We are going to err on the side of letting people do stuff. Including being able to mess it up, but allow themes and plugins to bring in the guard rails a lot more.
Q: Concerned about changes Gutenberg will force on to customers.
MM: Today there is an opt-in plugin. New plugin will give a specific opt out. Trying to provide a gradual ramp. Trying to learn from Gutenberg because going to make big changes in the future.
Q: Are you concerned about React?
MM: Think that React is the future and can fork from the GPL version of React if future React version introduce bad things.
Cross compiling from other language possible.
Gutenberg is happening, and although there will be ways to continue with the old TinyMCE editor it is clearly the direction of travel.
At 1:10.55 Matt gets a question about the danger of “two worlds” one where people use Gutenberg and one where people use classic. Matt responds by saying that over time users will expect everything to work with Gutenberg and demand for classic will fall away.
It was interesting to me that Matt Mullenweg actually says “at some point” he will be fine with plugin developers dropping support for the pre-Gutenberg world (See around 1:14.00). Once plugin start dropping support for classic, people are going to have to either stay still or move ahead under Gutenberg.
It certainly feels like Gutenberg is the future and developers and users will not be able to ignore it, or at least not for long.
Furthermore it seems that the Gutenberg philosophy of using content “blocks” will also be extended into designing pages. It looks like a page building system, like ones such as Beaver Builder, will eventually be part of WordPress core. What will this mean for existing sites built with a page builder system? Will they need to be redesigned using the Gutenberg builder?
This will be controversial, but I’m optimistic that eventually this will be a good thing for users, as it will give them more access to design their own pages and posts without having to code. Hopefully it will also be good news for developers, as they will be able to build sites which give users more customisation options without having to introduce a slew of plugins or custom code.
WordPress 4.9 will introduce saving theme customizations as draft. Now when you make changes to a theme using the customizer, you will have an option to save your changes as a draft instead of making them live.
This new feature will also allow you to share the preview of changes with a url. You can send this URL to any user, and they will be able to see your website with the changes made in that particular draft.
Want to publish your theme changes at a specific time? WordPress 4.9 will also allow you to schedule changes.
It is now possible to manage capabilities for activating and deactivating plugins more granularly through the following new capabilities:
activate_plugin checks whether a user can activate a specific plugin. When checking the capability, it gets passed the plugin file (such as current_user_can( ‘activate_plugin’, ‘my-plugin/my-plugin.php’ )).
deactivate_plugin works similar to activate_plugin, but checks whether a user can deactivate a specific plugin as the name indicates.
deactivate_plugins allows to check whether a user can generally deactivate plugins
WordPress 4.9 Protects Users From Fatal Errors Created in the Theme and Plugin Editors
Over the years, there have been many discussions and debates on whether or not WordPress should have a built-in file editor for themes and plugins. The file editors, while convenient, allow users to easily trigger fatal errors that can be difficult to fix, especially if they don’t have FTP access.
Instead of removing the editors from core, the WordPress development team has enhanced them by adding fatal error protection in WordPress 4.9. When a user accesses the theme or plugin editor for the first time, they’re presented with warnings.
If you try to save changes to a file and WordPress detects a fatal error, the change is not saved and a warning message is displayed that explains where the error occurred
Better mapping for widget areas when switching between themes
Sometimes widget areas and even menus could become ‘lost’ when switching themes, because different themes have different names for menus and widget areas. 4.9 tries to fix this by trying to match up widget and menu areas from one theme to another.
GDPR for WordPress Project Seeks to Provide a Standard for Plugin Compliance
WordCamp Denmark organizer Kåre Mulvad Steffensen and WP Pusher creator Peter Suhm are working on a GDPR for WordPress project that aims to provide an industry standard for getting plugins compliant with EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) legislation. The deadline for compliance is May 28, 2018, approximately 200 days from now.
Up until the release on October 24, Gutenberg did not support the meta boxes that so many WordPress content creators rely on. The new editor now has initial support for meta boxes as well as a host of other critical features for content creation.
WordPress 4.8.3 Security Release
At the end of October, WordPress 4.8.3 was released containing an important security fix for all previous versions of WordPress. If your WordPress installation has not updated automatically, please update it now to protect your site.
Takeaways: where to get help, how to setup a staging site, a backup strategy, quick security wins, eyes on your site, and a better understanding of quality hosting.
Slack – We at WordPress Cambridge have two channels. There are a bunch of UK channels, and also a bunch of international channels. You can stay in contact with the Cambridge group, and get help/support from the UK and internationally.
Newt Labs is a sponsor of our Meetup group. They provide site care for WordPress websites by providing unlimited small fixes, implementing best practices and taking care of ongoing technical tasks. Keeping WordPress sites secure and effective, from £49 a month.
Transients help speed up your site by reducing the number of database queries needed to create a page. We discussed the code needed to start using transients in your theme or plugin as well as looking at a couple of ways of measuring your code’s performance while developing and testing. We also discussed some of the issues around caching content and the compromises involved.
Dawn has been using her site to find customers for around 10 years and her blog is an integral part of this. She spoke to us about the way she creates her blog posts.
The first step in a successful blog (and for each successful post) is to work out what the purpose of it is. You should aim to attract (and retain) people who are actively looking for your goods or services. Ask yourself what they might want to know, and write about it.
Using Google Analytics is also important – it helps you find out what search terms are bringing to your site: you can use these to write your blog.
Another useful technique is to ask your past visitors and customers what they found interesting on your site. You should also make note of what your customers ask you most: these are the sorts of questions people will be searching for online.
Dawn keeps a notebook of ideas for blog posts and suggested that, rather than writing brief notes or titles, you should write out as much of the post as soon as you can – short notes might not mean much when you come back to them! These notes might be about the day’s interesting challenges or questions or just topics which come to you in a flash of inspiration. Topics may also come from the things you read. Wherever the topics come from, it’s important to keep everything – even those unfinished posts – so you can revisit them in future if inspiration strikes. Returning to an old post and writing an updated version can also create new content for you!
One part of Dawn’s success is down to keeping a human side to her posts: not just writing technical jargon, but writing for your audience. It’s a hard balance: you need to be technical enough that other experts respect you, and that customers know that you know your subject, but not so technical that you’re not understood by the layman.
Regardless of where your inspiration comes from, make sure you check your spelling and grammar – nothing undermines your point faster than a poorly written post.
Blog post covering talk – https://verysimplesites.co.uk/categories-tags-wordpress/
Chris talked about categories and tags and how you can use them to organise your blog’s content in WordPress
DISCLAIMER don’t just change cats and tags without adding 301 redirects
Content needs organising just like libraries
Yoast is a good example of cats and tags – easy to see the cats they have and the different content available
Don’t do it for seo so it for your readers
You need to think about and plan your websites structure before you start writing
Use pages and posts accordingly. Pages can be inferior to pages for content that is time based – getting content out there and seen as and when..
Cats can be broad and must be used, they are hierarchical
Tags are flat and optional
Cats is contents page (or umbrella)
Tags is index (or raindrops)
Did a group exercise to see what could be cats and what could be tags. There are actually many possibilities depending on your blogs focus.
Less is more – limit categories
Put post in one cat but there are reasons when you might put in more
You don’t have to use tags……….
You can have many tags but limit them to not look spammy
Do not have tags that only apply to one post
If you want you can use neither and just rename the default cat form uncategorised to something like general/updates etc
You can noindex the archive page for this term so it’s unused
Archive pages should be used as standalone pages – add an intro, some more info, you can even sticky posts on these pages sometimes depending on theme plugins etc.
Cat and tag pages can be used for seo
Yoast keeps it simple and well organised they use few tags and cats per article
Only a handful of cats for a clean site structure
Don’t forget your category archive pages! Fill out the fields provided by the Yoast seo or other plugin. Make them descriptive and relevant.
In permalink settings you can change your category base i.e. Decade instead of category.
The whys and hows of micro blogging – Jonathan Whiteland